The Benefits of Eating More Beans for Diabetics2022-10-11
Why should diabetic patients also test blood pressure and uric acid?2022-10-23
1. The diagnosis of diabetes is mainly judged by blood glucose measurement. The reference value of fasting blood glucose (FBG) in normal people: glucose oxidase method: 3.9~6.1mmol/L o-tolui
dine method: 3.9~6.4mmol/L
The reference value of fasting blood glucose for diabetic patients: mild diabetes: 7.0~8.4mmol/L, moderate diabetes: 8.4~11.1mmol/L, severe diabetes: more than 11.1mmol/L.
2. It can be judged by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Oral glucose tolerance test: 30 minutes to 1 hour, normal value: 7.8 to 9.0 mmol/L, no more than 7.8 mmol/L after 2 hours, and should be after 3 hours. Return to the fasting blood glucose level, that is, 3.9~6.1mmol/L or 3.9~6.4mmol/L, and the urine glucose test of normal people in the above-mentioned periods is negative.
3 It can be judged by the determination of glycated hemoglobin. The reference value of normal human glycated hemoglobin is: 4% to 6%. When the reference value is greater than 9%, the accuracy of predicting diabetes is 78%, and when the reference value is greater than 10%. At this time, the accuracy rate of predicting diabetes is 89%, and it can indicate that there are more serious complications at this time, and active health care and treatment should be performed.
Daily diet and blood sugar control have an important relationship. If the daily diet cannot be arranged reasonably, it may cause blood sugar to rise.
Fruit: People with high blood sugar should eat less or no fruit. Because the fruit contains more carbohydrates, and mainly glucose, sucrose, starch. The speed of digestion and absorption after eating is fast, which can quickly lead to a rise in blood sugar, which is not good for people with high blood sugar. Therefore, people with high blood sugar should generally not eat more fruits.
Staple food: The staple food in our daily life is generally mainly rice and noodles, but for people with high blood sugar, it is recommended to “coarse tea and light rice”, that is, it is best to choose oatmeal, oatmeal, and cornmeal when choosing a staple food. Because these staple foods contain more inorganic salts, vitamins, and rich dietary fiber, these substances have a good effect on lowering blood sugar, and can also help us effectively control blood sugar.
Protein food: For people with high blood sugar, they should supplement protein in an appropriate amount in their daily life, but they are particular about the source of protein. It is best to choose soybeans and their soybean products. The protein contained in soybeans is not only of good quality, but also does not contain cholesterol, so it has a good effect of lowering blood sugar. Therefore, people with high blood sugar should pay attention to it, and may wish to replace some animal foods, such as meat, with soy products.
Low-sugar vegetables: People with high blood sugar must pay attention to controlling calories in their daily diet. If you still feel hungry on this basis, you might as well eat some vegetables with less sugar content, boil them with water and add some seasonings. eat. Low-sugar vegetables are not only rich in dietary fiber, but also contain a lot of water, and have the characteristics of low caloric energy and satiety, which are essential foods for people with high blood sugar.
Cucumber: Cucumber is also a good choice for people with high blood sugar. After research, it was found that the sugar content in cucumber is only 1.6%, which is the most commonly used food substitute for many diabetic patients. Moreover, cucumber is also rich in vitamin C, carotene, cellulose and minerals, which can also be eaten in hot weather to remove heat and quench thirst.