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Gout is more likely to attack in winter. This is because the weather is cold in winter and people are reluctant to engage in outdoor activities. In order to resist the cold, the human body will unconsciously eat more food, and the blood vessels will shrink when stimulated by the cold, and the body’s blood vessels will shrink. Increased metabolism, etc., these factors can lead to elevated uric acid levels and induce gout attacks.
Therefore, gout patients should pay more attention to nursing measures in winter to prevent uric acid from “out of control”! So, what should gout patients pay attention to in winter?
1. Keep warm
The muscles of gout patients have insufficient ability to absorb glucose, which can lead to a lack of body heat and intolerance to cold.
In addition, under the stimulation of cold, the patient’s respiratory system immune function can be affected, and the patient is more likely to catch a cold or pneumonia. Therefore, gout patients should take measures to keep warm in winter, especially keeping hands, feet and other parts warm, otherwise Cold in the hands and feet can easily induce an acute attack of gout.
However, while keeping warm, you should also pay attention to opening windows indoors for ventilation to maintain fresh indoor air.
2. Control your diet
When the temperature drops in winter, the human body will unknowingly consume too much food in order to keep out the cold, such as mutton soup, hot pot, etc., which is obviously detrimental to the control of uric acid. Gout patients should strictly control their diet and avoid high-purine foods to avoid losing control of uric acid. They should drink more water, urinate more, and eat more fresh vegetables and fruits to help control uric acid levels.
3. Strictly follow the doctor’s instructions when taking medication
After some gout patients took uric acid-lowering drugs and found that their uric acid levels returned to normal, they stopped taking the drugs without authorization and stopped paying attention to their daily lives. As a result, gout attacks recurred.
Gout is a lifelong disease. The reduction of symptoms does not mean that the condition has been cured. Although the uric acid level can return to normal in a short period of time, the urate crystals are not completely dissolved. Once the drug is stopped, it can lead to loss of uric acid and cause gout. If gout attacks again, the patient should insist on taking uric acid-lowering drugs under the guidance of a doctor.
In addition to insisting on taking medication, patients also need to monitor daily uric acid levels. Doctors can adjust the dosage according to changes in uric acid to keep uric acid stable.
4. Maintain good living habits
Moderate exercise is very helpful in controlling uric acid levels. Many people do not like to go outdoors in winter. You can choose some indoor sports for exercise, but avoid excessive exercise, otherwise it will lead to an increase in uric acid.
In addition, you should pay attention to a regular schedule and avoid staying up late. In winter, the temperature difference between morning and evening is large, which can easily cause mood swings. You should also control your emotions and do not be too excited when things happen to avoid excessive tension and excitement that may lead to an increase in uric acid levels.
Therefore, gout patients should pay more attention to daily maintenance in winter. They should be strict with themselves in terms of diet, drink more water and exercise appropriately. They should also insist on daily monitoring of uric acid, strictly follow the doctor’s instructions for medication, and go to the hospital for regular check-ups. In this way, uric acid levels can be controlled within the normal range and recurrent gout attacks can be avoided.
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